The Gibson Mandolin and Guitar Company has very much influenced the history of the mandolin in the USA. Orville Gibson had developed his very special mandolin models during the last decades of the 19th century. In 1902 he sold the patents for his mandolins to some businessmen who then founded the Gibson mandolin and guitar company.
The mandolin models designed by Orville Gibson and the models that the Gibson company designed from those models – the F model with the scroll and the A model – have almost completely replaced the typical Italian bowlback models during the following years.
I have compiled some videos about Orville Gibson in my playlist:
Playliste Orville Gibson
CES 2014: Orville Gibson’s Workbench
The Ballad Of Orville Gibson
George Gruhn on the Orville Gibson Mandolin IBMA 2008
Gibson Guitars at CES 2014
Tim May and David Harvey have presented their collection of vintage Gibson instruments in the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, those videos are contained in the following playlist:
Playlist – Vintage Gibson
A closer look at instruments used in mandolin orchestras in the early 20th Century…. Acoustic superpickers Tim May and David Harvey brought out their personal vintage Gibson colllections at the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum on June 27, 2007, for one powerful demonstration of the enduring quality of these old treasures. www.timmaymusic.netwww.davidharveymusic.com
The American acoustic guitar is certainly the most important instruments in Folk, Country, Bluegrass and Americana music. Although the mandolin and the banjo were very popular for some time in history the guitar has made the race.
If you are interested how the American guitar became what it is today and who were the builders and players of the early American guitar you should visit the website
Welcome to The Unstrung History of the American Guitar!
The guitar is the voice of American popular music. How it got to be that way has a lot to do with Alpine yodelers, blackface minstrels and your great great grandmother. The blues and “hillbilly” string band music are the immediate ancestors of country music, R&B and rock & roll, but the guitar juggernaut that streaked through the twentieth century, and still is going strong in the twenty-first, was launched before the Civil War in urban parlors and on New York stages.
Join us for an excursion through the neglected nineteenth century, when “guitar fever” first seized America.
The first part deals with the guitar and the American music. Influences from Mexican music, the role of the banjo and the mandolin, the guitar in Ragtime, Jazz and Hillbilly music are discussed. Very interesting is also that for some time the Yodel music from the Swiss Alps which was usually also accompanied by guitars was very popular in the USA.
The Guitar and American Music
The Guitar and the Birth of American Music
A Rage For the Guitar
Professional Guitarists in Antebellum America
Mexico and the American West
Banjos, Mandolins, Minstrels and Medicine Shows
Ragtime, Jazz, Hillbilly and the Blues
The second chapter informs about the builders and developers of the guitar. You can read about C. F. Martin and other makers of his time – Lyon & Healy, Oscar Schmidt, Harmony and Orville Gibson. The following topics are the changes in the design of the guitar, the first steel strings and the harp-guitars. A guitar gallery shows some interesting instruments from the 19th century.
Guitars and Guitar Makers of the 19th Century
C.F. Martin and His Contemporaries ( 7 Articles )
The Gilded Age ( 9 Articles )
Guitar Design and Technology ( 3 Articles )
Guitar Gallery ( 11 Articles )
The next chapter presents ca. 40 guitarists of the 19th century – concert guitarists, guitarists in vaudeville and minstrel shows, singers and jazz guitarists.
19th Century American Guitarists
Concert Guitarists and Teachers ( 23 Articles )
Minstrel Theatre, Medicine Shows and Vaudeville ( 12 Articles )
Songsters and Jazzmen ( 5 Articles )
A link collection is helpful if you are looking for more information about the American guitar and guitarists in the USA.
I have found the following video in which a guitar made around 1850 is beeing played:
Jake Wildwood – Improvisation on 19th Century Guitar
Here’s a c.1850s parlor guitar (would have been called ‘concert’ back then) that’s most likely either American built trying to copy Martin’s early guitars (body shape, body shape!) or European built trying to copy an early Martin. Either way, it’s a truly beautiful guitar with an excellent spruce top, flamed maple back and sides (all solid, of course) and interesting features like a thick brass saddle, single pearl dot on the 5th fret, lovely soundhole rosette, and impeccable, balanced tone.
My recommendation – A great book about the American Guitar:
Inventing the American Guitar: The Pre-Civil War Innovations of C.F. Martin and His Contemporaries (Amazon partnerlink)
Yesterday I have discovered the website of the CHASE project.
Collection of Historical Annotated String Editions
19th- and Early 20th-Century Annotated Editions of String Music:
Bibliographical Problems, Editorial Content and Implications for Performance Practice
This website is a great resource about the violin and other stringed instruments. You can find many detailed articles about the development of the instrumental technique for those instruments based on annotated editions of string music. If you are interested in the history of the violin or cello playing techniques and the way those instruments were taught, and also how the music has been played by some of the greatest violin players you should check the articles on this site.
You can find a big collection of scans of editions of violin music from the 19th and early 20th century including works by Bach, Beethoven, Mozart and many other composers. This includes also some violin methods and collections of studies.
One of the works that I have found is the Chaconne by Vitali
Here is a great performance of this piece by Sarah Chang:
Vitali Chaconne – Sarah Chang
Another interesting composer is Emanuele Barbella who is known as a composer for some pieces for the mandolin. You can find two pieces by Barbella: Violin Sonata in E flat major and Tinna nonna (Lullaby)
Tumblr is a great way to collect and present pictures and links to interesting videos and other sites. Here is my tumblr archive for September 2012 – click to pictures to open the complete post in a seperate window:
One topic for me was to extract pictures of mandolin clubs from the yearbooks of the Colorado College in Colorado Springs – I have found many interesting pictures and some programs that have been played by the mandolin clubs.