Tag: Greece

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Hasapiko and Hasaposerviko – Two Greek Folk Dances –…

Some time ago I have discovered a great recording by Christina Pluhar, the Hasapiko from the CD Mediterraneo:

Hasapiko – Christina Pluhar und L’Arpeggiata – CD Mediterraneo

 

 

The ensemble L’Arpeggiata plays a long version with many improvisations. You can hear many different instruments like hammered dulcimer, plucked instruments like saz or the Kretian laouto, stringed instruments like the lyra and even the cembalo.

I was very inspired by this video and have compiled further informations about this dance. You can hear many version in the following playlist. In some videos you can hear a sequence that starts with a slow Hasapiko and then goes on with the fast Hasaposerviko.

Playlist Hasapiko and Hasaposerviko

 

Picture from a book about the Dances of Greece (see below)

hassapikos-archive-org-abbildung
Griechischer Tanz – Abbildung

I have made arrangements of those two dances for mandolin and guitar, the sheet music is available as free download from my musicaneo site:

Sheet Music

I have found many versions of the Hasapiko on the site folkloretanznoten.de, they can be found as “Chasapiko” under the letter C. The names for the dances are not very consistant, sometimes the Hasapikos Politiokos is a slow dance, sometimes a fast dance. Normally the fast dance is called hasaposerviko, the Serbian Hasapiko.

At archive.org I have found the following book about the Dances of Greece that does also contain a Hasapikos. This version is almost identical to the fast version played by l’Arpeggiata, but the tempo says “slowly”.

Another version of the fast Hasapikos can be found at  bouzoukispot.com, and a third version is available at http://www.violinonline.com/unit6_3_hasapikos.html

A “Hasapiko Grigori” can be found at  Folk and Traditional Music, Sheet-Music, Mandolin tab and midi for Hasapiko Grigoro

Additional Information

Wikipedia Chasapiko (deutsch) / Wikipedia Hasapiko (engl.)

The slow version of the dance is called χασάπικο βαρύ (hasapiko vary) or χασάπικος βαρύς (hasapikos varys — βαρύς meaning “heavy”) and generally employs a 4/4 meter. The fast version of the dance uses a 2/4 meter. It is variously called γρήγορο χασάπικο, μακελλάριος χορός, χασαποσέρβικο (grigoro hasapiko, makellarios horos, hasaposerviko — the latter a reference to Serbian and other Balkan influences on this version of the dance).

Hasapiko served as one of the bases for the Sirtaki.

Linksammlung Hasapiko – my link collection about the topic Hasapiko / Hasaposerviko

Read also:  Christina Pluhar and the Ensemble L’Arpeggiata – Theorbo, Baroque Guitar and other Plucked Instruments

Buy the CD Mediterraneo (Amazon partnerlink)

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Manolis Chiotis – The most popular Bouzouki Player of…

Manolis Chiotis was the most important player of the Greek bouzouki during the 1960s. He played the bouzouki in many movies, and many clips from those movies are available at youtube. Even Jimi Hendrix has been influenced by Manolis Chiotis. Manolis Chiotis has also taken part in the development of the modern bouzouki.

If you like the sound of the Greek bouzouki and the typical Greek music you can watch the following videos.

I have compiled a playlist with the best clips that I have found with Manolis Chiotis.

Movie (color)

Playlist with more Movies with Manolis Chiotis

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC878J8mcBo_QdWzZXM6lusIQMIPxfeGk

Manolis Chiotis with his instruments

Playlist Manolis Hotis – Bouzouki

Playlist von αποστόλης βαρδίκος

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLDE7D58D011E712AE

Additional Information

Wikipedia about Manolis Chiotis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manolis_Chiotis

Manolis Chiotis (Greek: Μανώλης Χιώτης;  March 21, 1920, Thessaloniki – March 21, 1970, Athens) was a Greek rebetiko and laiko composer, singer and bouzouki player.[1] He is considered one of the greatest bouzouki soloists of all time. He invented the four-course bouzouki (tetrachordo) and introduced the guitar-like tuning, who found it better suited to the kind of virtuoso playing he was famous for.

Chiotis died on his 50th birthday, March 21, 1970.[1]

Read my other articles about Greek music and the Bouzouki:

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Attika Plucked String Orchestra 2012 – Music by Manos…

The Attika Plucked String Orchestra has just published a set of videos from a concert given in Korinth on July 28 this year. The first part of the concert was composed of compositions by the famous Greek composer Manos Hadzidakis. The second part of the concert was dedicated to the music of Mikis Theodorakis.

The concert was given by the Attika Plucked String Orchestra, the choir Opus Femina and the soloists Babsis Tsertos, Natalia Kantzia and Morfo Tsaireli. The second part of this concert was dedicated to the music by Mikis Theodorakis, the videos of the second part will also be published at youtube.

These videos were shot on 28th July 2012 in Korinth, Greece. Main performers were ATTIKA and choir Opus femina, but we invited as guest stars Natalia Kantzia (soprano), Morfo Tsaireli and Babis Tsertos. The concert met great success.

Soon we will upload the second half of the concert, which is Mikis Theodorakis songs. I will send you the links when uploaded.

These days our debut cd will be available and hope you will be interested on it, too.

About the Attika Plucked String Orchstra (from the website):

The Orchestra was founded in 1993 by Aris Dimitriadis, its Artistic Director. Since 1997 it operates under the hospices of the non-profit music association Erato.

Aris Dimitriadis has been working with Mandolin Orchestras for 20+ years. As a Mandolin soloist he has collaborated with many classical music groups and orchestras both in Greece and abroad. He created Attika to fill a quality gap in the contemporary Greek Mandolin scene by building on a long tradition of excellence and professionalism, which in the past made Greek orchestras renowned internationally.

Attika’s main objective is to expand the appeal of Mandolin music internationally. With a well-researched repertoire, Attika is following on the steps of the great Italian and French orchestras of this genre. However it also draws on an extensive Greek tradition, particularly 19th and early 20th century popular music from the Heptanese and Athens. Attika is the only Greek orchestra interpreting music that covers the entire spectrum of the last five centuries: from the Renaissance to the Italian Canzonetta, from Baroque to Romanticism, from Classical to Modern.

Playlist

  • Τώρα που πας στην ξενιτιά, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA (tora pou pas stin xenitia)
  • Μια Παναγιά, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ΑΤΤΙΚΑ
  • Ο κυρ Αντώνης, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA
  • Μην το ρωτάς τον ουρανό, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA
  • Κάπου υπάρχει η αγάπη μου, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA
  • Θάλασσα πλατιά, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA
  • Ξημερώνει, Μ. Χατζιδάκης – ATTIKA
  • Οδός Ονείρων, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA
  • Aθανασία, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA
  • O Μύθος, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA
  • Η μαύρη Φόρντ, Μ. Χατζιδάκις – ATTIKA

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC878J8mcBo_m8gXj6plMnYQY-TnbRpF2

Playlist Mikis Theodorakis

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC878J8mcBo-a2FLKBnIXb9RDwa9pwAKH

Additional Information

Website Attika Plucked String Orchestra: http://www.attikaorchestra.gr/

youtube channel Attika Plucked String Orchestra: http://www.youtube.com/user/attikaorchestra

Wikipedia about Manos Hatzidakis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manos_Hatzidakis

Related articles:

Articles tagged “Greece” in my blog: http://www.mandoisland.com/?tag=greece

Articles in German:

Zupfmusik in Griechenland – Das Attika Plucked String Orchestra

New York Rock & Roll Ensemble – Reflections – Manos Hadjidakis – Kemal

Manos Hadjidakis – Das Lächeln der Mona Lisa – Gioconda’s Smile – Musik aus Griechenland

stringed instruments

The Cretan Laouto – A Big and Great Sounding…

I have discovered the Cretan Laouto some time ago and have written the following post in my German blog. I thought that I should also make a version in English about this interesting instrument from Greece.

The Cretan Laouto has 4 double strings, the three lower strings are tuned in octaves, the highest strings are tuned in unison. The tuning is similar to an octave mandolin in G – D – A – E, but the G string is tuned one octave higher than expected. So the tuning goes down from G to D, than up to A (on whole tone above the G), and up again to the E.

The form of the Cretan Laouto is similar to a mandocello with a rather big body. The scale is rather long, up to 75 cm, the strings are quite light an thin. The sound of the Cretan Laouto resemles a little bit the bouzouki, a twelve string guitar or a cittern.

The Cretan Laouto is played with a feather, this can be seen in some of the videos.

Das Instrument wird als Soloinstrument oder zur Begleitung der kretischen Lyra oder zum Gesang verwendet.

The instrument is used as a solo instrument, but also to accompany the Cretan Lyra or songs.

This is a short solo piece played with Cretan Laouto and guitar. This piece can also be played on a mandolin:

The next video shows a quartet with Cretan Laouto and also with a mandolin:

Ta Agria Poulia (The Wild Birds) – ΤΑ ΑΓΡΙΑ ΠΟΥΛΙΑ-ΒΑΣΙΛΗΣ ΣΚΟΥΛΑΣ

by Vasilis Skoulas.

A famous player of the Cretan Lauto is Mihalis Tsouganakis. He was born in Belgium, but moved back to Creta with his family when he was achild. There are many videos with Mihalis Tsouganakis.

Tsouganakis plays a kind of world music based on the Greek tradition. He uses this instrument in a very modern and unusual way as can be seen in the following video:

Michalis Tzouganakis Solo (Pali-Pali)

Michalis Tzouganakis performing “Pali-pali” at a concert organised for the celebration of the 80th birthday of Mikis Theodorakis.

Additional information

Discussion in the Mandolin Cafe about the Cretan Laouto: MandolinCafe

There I have found the following link to a Description of the Lauto in English

Playlist Cretan Lauto