Category: mandolin history

mandolin history

Jean and Janvier Pietrapertosa – Father and Son –…

Jean und Janvier Pietrapertosa belong to the mandolin players and mandolin teachers that helped to make the mandolin popular in the region of Paris in France around 1900.Both have written important mandolin methods , they have composed their own pieces and and arranged the popular music of the time.

Until today not much is known about the biographies of father and son Pietrapertosa. In many cases no difference is made between the two as if it was just one person namend J. Pietrapertosa.

I have recently found a document – a dictionary about the contemporaries – that contains short biographies of both – the father Jean Pietrapertosa and his son Janvier Pietrapertosa. The book that can be found in the French National Library bnf is dated to 1906, the copy from archive.org is dated to some years later.

Dictionnaire national des contemporains: contenant les notices des membres de l’Institut de France, du gouvernement et du parlement français, de l’Académie de médecine…. T. 5 / sous la dir. de C.-E. Curinier (1906) http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k82888j.image

The same book at archive.org: https://archive.org/stream/dictionnairenati05curiuoft#page/n73/mode/2up


Father: Jean-Ferdinand-Salvator Pietrapertosa

PIETRAPERTOSA (Jean-Ferdinand-Salvator)

Musicien, né à Naples (Italie) le 10 juin 1855.

Déjà, dans sa ville natale où il accomplit ses études, M. Pietrapertosa s’était fait connaître comme mandoliniste solo, lorsqu’en 1882, il vint en France, où il acclimata bientôt son instrument, qui y était presque tombé en oubli. Il devint, peu de temps après, mandoliniste solo de l’Opéra-Comique, puis de l’Opéra.

M. Pietrapertosa a écrit plusieurs compositions pour la mandoline, dont les plus importantes sont la Nuit d’automne et la Marche du Mandoliniste. Il est l’auteur, en collaboration avec M. Alissa, de la musique de Mariage galante, opéra-comique de MM. Oswald et Boucheron, représenté à l’Olympia en 1892, et d’une Méthode de Mandoline.

On lui doit aussi l’invention d’un système perfectionné de mandoline et d’un pupitre-pédale.

Naturalisé français en 1892, M. Pietrapertosa est décoré du Medjidié et de divers autres ordres.

Translation:

PIETRAPERTOSA (Jean-Ferdinand-Salvator)

Musician,born in Naples (Italy) on Juni 10, 1855.

Already, in his hometown where he completed his studies, Mr. Pietrapertosa had made himself known as a solo mandolinist, when in 1882 he came to France, where he soon acclimated his instrument, which had almost fallen into oblivion. He became, shortly thereafter, solo mandolinist of the Opéra-Comique, then of the Opera.

Pietrapertosa has written several compositions for the mandolin, the most important of which are the “Nuit d’automne” and “Marche du Mandoliniste” . He is the author, in collaboration with M. Alissa, of the music of Mariage galante, opéra-comique by MM. Oswald and Boucheron, represented at Olympia in 1892, and a Mandolin Method.

He also owes the invention of an improved system of mandolin and a pedal console.

Naturalized French in 1892, Mr. Pietrapertosa is decorated with Medjidie and various other orders. Read more “Jean and Janvier Pietrapertosa – Father and Son – Mandolin Methods and Compositions for the Mandolin”

mandolin history

The Italian Mandolin: Its Evolution, Nomenclature and Types –…

Alex Timmerman has compiled a poster with the most important Italian mandolin models. He has asked me to help to share this poster.

On this poster you can find mandolins that have been built between 1650 and 1927. You can follow the evolution of the different models, the models are arranged according to the years when a model was built.

I have split up the picture to give you an impression of the poster, you can download the complete picture in good quality from the website of Alex Timmerman.

 

Read also:

mandolin history

Orville Gibson and the Gibson Mandolin and Guitar Company…

The Gibson Mandolin and Guitar Company has very much influenced the history of the mandolin in the USA. Orville Gibson had developed his very special mandolin models during the last decades of the 19th century. In 1902 he sold the patents for his mandolins to some businessmen who then founded the Gibson mandolin and guitar company.

The mandolin models designed by Orville Gibson and the models that the Gibson company designed from those models – the F model with the scroll and the A model – have almost completely replaced the typical Italian bowlback models during the following years.

I have compiled some videos about Orville Gibson in my playlist:

Playliste Orville Gibson

  • CES 2014: Orville Gibson’s Workbench
  • The Ballad Of Orville Gibson
  • George Gruhn on the Orville Gibson Mandolin IBMA 2008
  • Gibson Guitars at CES 2014

Tim May and David Harvey have presented their collection of vintage Gibson instruments in the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, those videos are contained in the following playlist:

Playlist – Vintage Gibson

A closer look at instruments used in mandolin orchestras in the early 20th Century…. Acoustic superpickers Tim May and David Harvey brought out their personal vintage Gibson colllections at the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum on June 27, 2007, for one powerful demonstration of the enduring quality of these old treasures. www.timmaymusic.net www.davidharveymusic.com

Articles and more sources about Orville Gibson

 

mandolin history

The History of the American Guitar – Great Resource…

The American acoustic guitar is certainly the most important instruments in Folk, Country, Bluegrass and Americana music. Although the mandolin and the banjo were very popular for some time in history the guitar has made the race.

If you are interested how the American guitar became what it is today and who were the builders and players of the early American guitar you should visit the website

The Unstrung History of the American Guitar: The Guitar and 19th Century American Music

(website not available – Sept. 2017)

Welcome to The Unstrung History of the American Guitar!

The guitar is the voice of American popular music. How it got to be that way has a lot to do with Alpine yodelers, blackface minstrels and your great great grandmother. The blues and “hillbilly” string band music are the immediate ancestors of country music, R&B and rock & roll, but the guitar juggernaut that streaked through the twentieth century, and still is going strong in the twenty-first, was launched before the Civil War in urban parlors and on New York stages.

Join us for an excursion through the neglected nineteenth century, when “guitar fever” first seized America.

Mandoline
Mandoline aus einem alten Katalog

The first part deals with the guitar and the American music. Influences from Mexican music, the role of the banjo and the mandolin, the guitar in Ragtime, Jazz and Hillbilly music are discussed. Very interesting is also that for some time the Yodel music from the Swiss Alps which was usually also accompanied by guitars was very popular in the USA.

The Guitar and American Music

  • The Guitar and the Birth of American Music
  • A Rage For the Guitar
  • Professional Guitarists in Antebellum America
  • Mexico and the American West
  • Banjos, Mandolins, Minstrels and Medicine Shows
  • Ragtime, Jazz, Hillbilly and the Blues
Monarch Guitar aus einem alten Katalog
Monarch Guitar aus einem alten Katalog

The second chapter informs about the builders and developers of the guitar. You can read about C. F. Martin and other makers of his time – Lyon & Healy, Oscar Schmidt, Harmony and Orville Gibson. The following topics are the changes in the design of the guitar, the first steel strings and the harp-guitars. A guitar gallery shows some interesting instruments from the 19th century.

Guitars and Guitar Makers of the 19th Century

  • C.F. Martin and His Contemporaries ( 7 Articles )
  • The Gilded Age ( 9 Articles )
  • Guitar Design and Technology ( 3 Articles )
  • Guitar Gallery ( 11 Articles )
Banjo
Banjo aus einem alten Instrumentenkatalog

The next chapter presents ca. 40 guitarists of the 19th century – concert guitarists, guitarists in vaudeville and minstrel shows, singers and jazz guitarists.

19th Century American Guitarists

  • Concert Guitarists and Teachers ( 23 Articles )
  • Minstrel Theatre, Medicine Shows and Vaudeville ( 12 Articles )
  • Songsters and Jazzmen ( 5 Articles )

A link collection is helpful if you are looking for more information about the American guitar and guitarists in the USA.

I have found the following video in which a guitar made around 1850 is beeing played:

Jake Wildwood – Improvisation on 19th Century Guitar

Here’s a c.1850s parlor guitar (would have been called ‘concert’ back then) that’s most likely either American built trying to copy Martin’s early guitars (body shape, body shape!) or European built trying to copy an early Martin. Either way, it’s a truly beautiful guitar with an excellent spruce top, flamed maple back and sides (all solid, of course) and interesting features like a thick brass saddle, single pearl dot on the 5th fret, lovely soundhole rosette, and impeccable, balanced tone.

My recommendation – A great book about the American Guitar:

Inventing the American Guitar: The Pre-Civil War Innovations of C.F. Martin and His Contemporaries (Amazon partnerlink)